How Long Does It Take for Court Marriage in India?

Court marriage in India, governed by the Special Marriage Act, 1954, is a legal procedure that provides a straightforward and secular way for couples to get married. Understanding the timeline and steps involved can help couples plan better. Typically, the entire process for a court marriage in India takes between 30 to 60 days. Here’s a detailed breakdown of the timeline and procedures involved.

Step-by-Step Timeline for Court Marriage

  1. Notice of Intended Marriage (Day 1)
    • Submission: The process begins with the submission of a Notice of Intended Marriage to the Marriage Officer of the district where at least one of the parties has resided for a minimum of 30 days.
    • Details Required: The notice must include details of both parties, such as name, date of birth, and address.
  2. Publication of Notice (Day 1-30)
    • Public Display: The Marriage Officer publishes the notice on the notice board of the office, making it accessible for public viewing for 30 days.
    • Objection Period: During these 30 days, any person can file an objection to the marriage. The objections must be based on legal grounds as defined in the Special Marriage Act.
  3. Resolution of Objections (If any) (Day 31-60)
    • Investigation: If an objection is raised, the Marriage Officer will investigate its validity. This process can add additional time, typically between a few days to a few weeks, depending on the complexity of the objection.
    • Resolution: The marriage can proceed only after the objection is resolved. If there are no valid objections, the process moves forward smoothly.
  4. Solemnization of Marriage (After the 30-day Notice Period)
    • Declaration: After the notice period and resolution of any objections, the couple can proceed to solemnize the marriage. They must sign a declaration in the presence of the Marriage Officer and three witnesses.
    • Marriage Ceremony: The marriage is then solemnized, and the Marriage Officer issues a marriage certificate, officially registering the marriage.

Factors Influencing the Timeline

  • No Objections: If there are no objections during the 30-day notice period, the process is straightforward and typically completes within 30-45 days.
  • Objections: If objections are raised, the investigation and resolution process can extend the timeline to up to 60 days or more.
  • Documentation: Ensuring all required documents are correctly submitted can prevent delays. Missing or incorrect documents can prolong the process.

Required Documents

To avoid delays, make sure to have the following documents ready:

  • Notice of Intended Marriage
  • Proof of Residence: Aadhar Card, Voter ID, utility bills, etc.
  • Proof of Age: Birth certificate, school leaving certificate, passport.
  • Affidavits: Separate affidavits from both parties stating their date of birth, marital status, and affirmation that they are not related within prohibited degrees.
  • Photographs: Recent passport-sized photographs of both the bride and groom.
  • Witnesses: Three witnesses along with their identification documents.


In summary, the court marriage process in India under the Special Marriage Act, 1954, typically takes between 30 to 60 days, depending on the presence of any objections and the completeness of the documentation provided. By understanding the steps involved and preparing accordingly, couples can navigate the process smoothly and efficiently, ensuring their marriage is legally recognized.

Instant Court Marriage and Legal Light Consulting Services

Contact Details: Phone: +91 9999641341

Instant Court Marriage: Our service facilitates quick and hassle-free court marriages. We provide legal guidance, documentation, and assistance throughout the process.

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Consultation Call: To schedule a consultation call, please contact us via phone or email with your preferred date and time. Our team will promptly arrange a call to discuss your requirements and provide appropriate guidance.

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Any further inquiries or assistance, feel free to reach out to us using the contact details provided above. We look forward to assisting you with your legal needs

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